A news story is an account of an event that has recently happened or is going to happen.
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The Basics of a News Story
A news story is a piece of writing that reports on something that has recently happened. News stories are usually written by journalists and are published in newspapers, magazines, or on websites. They typically contain a headline, a lead paragraph, and several other paragraphs that provide more details about the story.
Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How
All news stories have the same basic structure, regardless of the news outlet or whether it’s written or broadcast. They all contain the same basic elements:
Every news story should answer these six questions. The best stories will also contain what journalists call the “nut graf” – a brief paragraph that sums up the most important information in the story.
The who, what, when, and where are the facts of the story. The why and how provide context and analysis. It’s important to remember that journalists are not necessarily looking for the same things as historians. For example, a historian might be interested in how a event unfolded over time, while a journalist is likely to be more interested in who was responsible for it.
The Inverted Pyramid
In a traditional news story, also known as the inverted pyramid, the most important information is at the top of the story, with subsequent paragraphs providing Successive levels of detail. This structure is useful for newspaper stories because readers can choose to read only the beginning of the story if they wish and still get the gist of what happened.
In journalism, the inverted pyramid is a metaphor for how information should be prioritized and structured in a news story. The most essential information — who, what, when, where and why — should be at the beginning of the story, with subsequent paragraphs providing additional details in descending order of importance. This structure allows readers to quickly get the gist of a story and then decide whether they want to read on for more details.
The inverted pyramid was first popularized in the 19th century by Horatio Greenough, an American sculptor and writer who argued that headlines should be attention-grabbing and tell readers what they need to know up front. The term “inverted pyramid” was coined by Charles Boynton Knott, editor of The New York Times from 1883 to 1889. In an 1896 editorial, Knott argued that the structure of a news story should be “like an inverted pyramid, broad at the base, narrowing as it rises.”
The body of the story is the most important part, and it should be the longest. This is where you will include all of the who, what, where, when, why and how of the story. You will want to start with the most important details and work your way down to the least important details. This is where you will really flesh out the story and provide all of the details that will allow your readers to understand what happened.
In journalism, the inverted pyramid is a metaphor used to illustrate how information should be prioritized and structured in a news story.
The term is often used to describe the traditional structure of a news article, in which the most important information is placed at the beginning (the “top” of the pyramid), while less important details are saved for the end (the “bottom” of the pyramid).
This structure is employed in order to ensure that readers will receive the most important information even if they do not read the entire article. It also allows journalists to easily remove less important details if they need to make room for other content (such as ads or images).
The inverted pyramid style of writing is not limited to news articles; it can also be used in other types of writing, such as essays, business reports, and even fiction.
Other Types of News Stories
There are many different types of news stories, including feature stories, human interest stories, investigative stories, and more. Each type of story has its own purpose and can be used to inform or entertain readers. Feature stories, for example, are generally used to inform readers about a certain topic, while human interest stories are designed to entertain and engage readers.
Feature stories are the heart and soul of a newspaper. They are meant to inform, entertain and sometimes even educate the reader. A feature story is usually longer than a regular news story and contains more detail. It is often written about people, places or events that are of interest to the community. Feature stories can be found on the front page or on the inside pages of a newspaper.
Investigative stories are in-depth pieces that expose corruption, incompetence, or wrongdoing. They are usually the result of months, or even years, of research by a team of reporters.
One of the most famous investigative stories was the Watergate scandal, which led to the resignation of U.S. President Richard Nixon in 1974. The story was broken by two journalists from The Washington Post, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein.
Other examples of investigative stories include:
-The Panama Papers: A massive leak of 11 million documents from a Panamanian law firm that exposed the offshore bank accounts of world leaders and celebrities.
-Uncover: Slave Labour: An award-winning investigation by CBC News that uncovered widespread slavery and exploitation in Canada’s temporary foreign worker program.
-L’affaire du Carlton: A huge corruption scandal in France that led to the fall of several government ministers and the imprisonment of several business leaders.
Human Interest Stories
Human interest stories are one type of news story. As the name suggests, these are stories that focus on the human element, rather than on the facts of the story.
Human interest stories often profile someone who has overcome adversity, or who is doing something extraordinary. They may also focus on an issue that affects many people, such as poverty or illness.
Human interest stories are not always positive – they can also be about people who have committed crimes, or who are struggling with difficult situations.
While human interest stories can be about anyone, they often focus on children, because they are seen as more vulnerable and therefore more sympathetic figures.